Selection of CNC lathe Three elements of its selection principle

A CNC lathe or lathe is usually a machine used to produce turned parts, forming different materials into the desired shape.

There are also various types of workpiece materials processed, so it is especially important to choose the right CNC lathe for workpiece processing, and the article will mainly introduce the selection principle of CNC lathes .

The CNC machining industry has come a long way, especially in the design and use of CNC lathes. Different lathe manufacturers use a variety of user interfaces, which can be a challenge for operators.

Like other CNC machines, CNC lathes have become an important part of manufacturing in recent years. There are many use cases where lathes are used. They cover industries such as automotive and aerospace. We can use CNC lathes to machine metal workpieces and also to produce flat and threaded workpieces.

The three elements of the CNC lathe selection principle, CNC lathe selection uses a single point cutting tool to remove material from a rotating workpiece. the CNC lathe machine feeds the cutting tool in a linear motion along the surface of the rotating workpiece, removing material from the circumference until the desired diameter is reached, thus producing a cylindrical part with internal and external features.

Eight steps in the operation of a CNC machining centre
Eight steps in the operation of a CNC machining centre

Selection principle

Determine the basic principle of the three elements: first determine the amount of counter-grip according to the cutting requirements, then check the table to obtain the feed, and then check the table by calculating the main cutting speed formula. Reasonable cutting dose selection is related to many factors, such as lathe, tool, workpiece and process. The reasonable selection of machining dose is as follows.

1、In rough machining, higher productivity should be ensured, so a larger backgrip, larger feed and medium or lower cutting speed U should be selected.

2、In finishing machining, the main purpose is to ensure the size and surface accuracy requirements of the part, so choose a smaller backgrip, a smaller feed and a higher cutting speed.

3, rough machining, usually need to give full play to the potential of the machine tool and the cutting capacity of the tool. When semi-finishing and finishing, CNC lathe factory should focus on how to ensure machining quality and increase productivity to a greater extent on this basis.

When selecting the cutting volume, the CNC lathe factory should ensure that the tool can finish the part or ensure the durability of the tool for no less than one shift and at least no less than half of the working time of that shift. The specific value for the CNC lathe plant should be selected based on the specifications in the machine tool manual, the durability of the tool and practical experience.

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